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Medieval Times Games

From jousting and archery to board games and card games, medieval times games provided a respite from the stresses of daily life and allowed people to compete and socialise. In this article, we will look at some of the most popular games of the time, how they were played, and their function in medieval society.

Medieval Times Game History

Like us, medieval people were also bored from their monotonous lives despite their lavish banquets and fest. To seek entertainment elsewhere, they started seeking fun in vigorous outdoor activities, and thus, they devised various games.
To broaden the scope of live entertainment, such events grew to include increasingly strenuous outdoor activities. These festivals were often celebrated on significant Christian holidays like Christmas, Easter, and saint’s feast days.

Popular Indoor Medieval Games

Popular Indoor Medieval Games
Indoor Medieval Games, by Gareth Williams, is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Indoor medieval games were popular during the Middle Ages to entertain people during long winters and bad weather. These games were primarily played indoors in castles or manor homes and frequently required physical exertion, strategy, and ability.

These are a few examples of popular indoor medieval games:

  • Chess: was one of the most popular and long-lasting board games ever. Traders brought it to the medieval Islamic empire from India in the 6th century. It then moved to Europe, where it became a favourite game among the nobles.
  • Nine Men’s Morris: was a medieval European strategy game. Two players put their pieces on a grid and attempt to build three rows to capture their opponent’s pieces. The game stretches back to ancient Rome, and evidence of it has been discovered throughout Europe.
  • Backgammon: is a two-player game in which dice are rolled, and pieces are moved across a board. The game emanated 5,000 years ago in Persia and was transported to Europe during the Crusades. It gained popularity among the nobles throughout the medieval period and has remained so until this day.

Popular Outdoor Medieval Games

Popular Outdoor Medieval Games
Outdoor Medieval Games, is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0

Outdoor games were popular during the Middle Ages and were frequently played during festivals, fairs, and other events. These games required physical talent and strategy and were frequently competitive.

These are a few examples of popular outdoor medieval games:

  • Archery: was a popular pastime and an important skill for hunters and soldiers. Archery competitions were frequently organised at festivals and fairs, with contestants shooting at targets to display their proficiency. A bow, arrows, and a quiver were among the tools utilised.
  • Jousting: was a popular noble sport in which two knights on horseback rushed at one other with lances. The game’s goal was to knock the opposing knight off his horse. Jousting was a popular sport during tournaments and festivals, requiring skill, strength, and daring.
  • Horse racing: which comprised horses and riders racing over a defined distance, was also popular throughout medieval times. The races frequently staged on a level track or open terrain, demanded skill and speed. Horse racing was a popular form of gambling and determining the quickest and strongest horses.

Medieval Games Social Significance

Medieval games allowed individuals to socialise and get to know one another. Games were frequently played at festivals and fairs, which were major communal gatherings. People might unite over a shared experience and create social bonds through games.
Different games were typically played by various social strata, reflecting social stratification. Jousting and falconry, for example, were popular among the nobles, although wrestling and archery were more popular among the ordinary people. Games allowed individuals to show off their social position and allowed the higher classes to establish their control.
Political symbolism was occasionally applied in games. Jousting tournaments, for example, were frequently staged to commemorate major events or to demonstrate a ruler’s strength. A tournament’s victorious knight was seen as a symbol of strength and power, and the tournament itself was regarded as a show of money and pride.

Nobility Medieval Games

Medieval nobles’ games varied according to historical period, locality, and social class. Among the most popular games among nobles were chess, backgammon, hunting, and competitions. 
Gender had a key impact in deciding the sorts of games performed, with women frequently partaking in games of intelligence and strategy and males in fighting and physical strength.
Chess originated in ancient India and was introduced to Europe via the Muslim world; it was a popular game among medieval nobility. Chess was seen as a game of intelligence and strategy, frequently played by both men and women. In truth, some of history’s most famous chess players were women, including the 15th-century Italian noblewoman Lucrezia Borgia.
Hunting was also a favourite pastime among medieval aristocrats, particularly among men. Hunting was not only a kind of amusement but also a way to demonstrate one’s social standing and authority. Deer, boar, and hares were among the most popular game animals for hunting.

Peasants Medieval Games

Peasant games frequently used easily accessible equipment, such as sticks, stones, and balls manufactured from animal bladders or wool. These games were frequently played for relaxation, enjoyment, social connection, and competitiveness.
Football, played in various forms across medieval Europe, was a popular pastime among peasants. Football games sometimes include teams of players aiming to score goals by kicking a ball into a certain area. The game’s rules and objectives differed based on the location and community.
In addition, peasants frequently engaged in tug of war, quoits, and hoop rolling. These games frequently only required rudimentary equipment and a willingness to join, making them easy and affordable.


In medieval times, games were a means to interact, compete, and escape from daily life throughout the Middle Ages. Chess, Nine Men’s Morris, and backgammon were popular indoor games, while archery, jousting, and horse racing were popular outdoor activities. Games helped individuals unite and show off their social position, with different games played by different social groups and genders. Football was common among peasants who played games with minimal equipment such as sticks, stones, and balls.

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