Feature image of Medieval Royal Clothing

Medieval Royal Clothing

Known for its extravagance and splendor, Medieval royal clothing played a prominent role in the lives of Kings, Queens, Princes, and Princesses. Their attire was not just a symbol of their wealth but a determining factor of their authority and social status. 
Keep reading to explore how medieval royal clothing evolved over the middle ages, the designs, and their attire’s significance.

Medieval Period Royal Clothing

During the medieval era, clothing represented an individual’s social status and wealth. For the royals, it was a display of their grandeur and power. 
Medieval-period royal clothing was intricately designed and had to be very comfortable yet visually appealing. It was made using the finest fabrics and was adorned with precious materials such as gold threads and gemstones. 

Evolution of Medieval Royal Clothing

Evolution of Medieval Royal Clothing
Medieval Royal Clothing” is licensed under CC0 1.0

Fashion, technology, and cultural advances were mirrored in the evolution of medieval royal clothing. Royal attire got increasingly ornate and opulent as societies became more diverse and affluent, reflecting the prestige and authority of the royal families who wore them.

Here’s how medieval royal clothing evolved over the middle ages:

  • Early Medieval period – Royal clothing was basic and utilitarian throughout this time period, symbolizing the Germanic and Celtic traditions of the time. Kings wore wool or linen tunics and cloaked with simple designs or needlework. Their attire was loose-fitting and frequently belted around the waist.
  • Late Medieval Period – Royal medieval clothing was exceedingly beautiful and costly. Kings and queens wore elaborately embroidered, beaded, and jewel-encrusted robes. They also wore ornate headpieces, including crowns, caps, and veils. Men’s clothes included form-fitting coats and hose, while women’s attire had fuller skirts and sleeves.
  • The Renaissance Period – Throughout the renaissance, medieval royal clothing got even more lavish and ornate. Kings and queens wore elaborately embroidered and embellished garments of rich materials such as brocade and velvet. High-waisted dresses with voluminous skirts were popular among women, while tailored jackets and breeches were popular among males.

Royal Medieval Clothing Style and Material

The style and materials used for medieval royal clothing varied according to the time and the monarch’s customs. 
During the early middle ages, royal attire was loose fitting, but later, clothes were designed to be tight to the body, emphasizing the silhouette. Also, fur and other luxurious fabrics were used as trimmings or linings.

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The fabrics used in medieval royal apparel were frequently expensive and difficult to get, representing the monarch’s prestige and authority. 
The use of expensive fabrics like silk, velvet, and fur, as well as valuable metals and diamonds, reflected the royal court’s wealth and splendor.

  • Royal Medieval King Clothing was made of expensive fabrics such as velvet or silk. The Kings used to wear tunics or cloaks, which were layered with tight-fitting jackets. They also wore intricately designed jewelry, such as chains and rings made of gold, silver, and precious gemstones.
  • Royal Medieval Queen Clothing comprised highly elaborate and intricately embroidered dresses made of brocade and velvet. The Queens wore fitted bodice dresses with a V-shaped neckline and a full skirt. Collars and cuffs made of lace were also added to their attire.
    The royal medieval queen’s clothing was also adorned with beadings and jewels.
  • Royal Medieval Prince Clothing was highly decorative and included long, flowing gowns with tight-fitted sleeves. Their clothes were also made of silk or velvet and were lined with fur for warmth. 
  • Royal Medieval Princess Clothing was intricately designed and featured stunning embroidery. Medieval princesses wore long, flowing skirts made of brocade and velvet. Their attire was often accompanied by gold and gemstone jewellery which signified their prestige.

Royal Ceremonies and Dress Codes

Royal festivities were major occasions throughout the medieval period, and clothing regulations and ceremonial apparel were strictly enforced. 

Here’s a rundown of the royals’ dress codes and ceremonial wear for major events:

  • Royal Weddings – The bride would frequently wear a long, flowing white gown, representing purity and innocence, while the husband would wear a magnificent suit or tunic with a cloak or cape. The remainder of the bridal party would likewise dress to match the bride and groom, with colours and fabrics chosen to accent them.
  • Coronations – Coronations were very formal and serious ceremonies with a rigorous dress code. The crowned monarch would wear a lavish coronation robe made of the best fabrics, frequently lined with ermine or other fur and embellished with gold embroidery and diamonds.
  • Funerals – Royal funerals were solemn, and clothing rules were subdued and restrained.

The departed monarch would be clothed simply in white with a plain linen shroud, whereas guests wore all black with little or no accent or design.


Medieval royal clothing represented more than simply riches and power. It was a sign of power and social standing, and its history mirrored changes in fashion, technology, and cultural achievements. 
From the early medieval period’s plain and practical clothes to the late medieval and Renaissance periods’ extravagant and sumptuous attire, royal apparel was meticulously planned, crafted from the finest textiles, and embellished with valuable materials. Royal feasts were big occasions, and dress codes and ceremonial attire were tightly enforced. 
Overall, medieval royal clothing played an important part in the lives of rulers and their subjects, signifying the royal court’s prestige and magnificence.

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