Arming Sword

The Medieval Warrior’s Trusty Companion – The Arming Sword

Picture a knight clad in armour, standing proudly on a medieval battlefield. As he faces the enemy, he knows that the one thing he can rely on is his trusty weapon. The arming sword, an elegant but lethal weapon, was the weapon of choice for medieval knights and warriors. These remarkable weapons defined the era of knights, battles and chivalry. With its long sharp blade, the medieval arming sword has cut through history, leaving behind a legacy that still captivates our imagination. Let’s dive deeper into the fascinating world of medieval warfare and understand the role of this striking weapon.

 What is an Arming Sword?

Arming Sword by  Bradley Weber is licensed by CC BY 2.0

Also known as the Knightly Sword and the White Arm, The Arming Sword was a weapon of the High Middle Ages. It was believed that through this sword, one could spread God’s power and will. It was a classic one-handed weapon with a shield to protect the warrior. The name Arming comes from the Latin word ‘arma‘, which means weapon. This elegant-looking weapon may look simple, but it was difficult to create. The sword had to be both tough and lightweight. A good sword weighs at most 1.2kg, and the blade must be weighed towards the hilt. It had a blade about 30 inches long and a single-handed hilt.

The Viking Age

Arming Sword by Michał Koper is licensed by CC0 1.0

As the Vikings sailed across treacherous seas, this great sword symbolised their prowess and relentless spirit. It cleaved through shields and armour with every swing, leaving an indelible mark on history. It was a testament to their strength, dedication, and unwavering resolve.

These swords were characterised by their straight, double-edged blades, typically measuring around 30 to 36 inches. They had a wide fuller (groove) running along the centre of the blade, reducing its weight without compromising its structural integrity. This design allowed for quick and precise strikes, making the Viking arming sword highly effective in slashing and thrusting techniques.

Viking swords were renowned for their exceptional quality and durability. The blades were forged using a technique known as pattern welding, which involved layering and twisting different types of iron or steel to create a visually striking pattern on the blade’s surface. This process not only enhanced the strength of the sword but also added to its aesthetic appeal.

The Viking arming sword played a significant role in these seafaring warriors’ fierce battles and raids. Its versatility and craftsmanship made it a reliable companion in close-quarters combat, whether on land or sea. It served as a tool for conquest, a testament to the martial prowess of the Vikings, and a symbol of their indomitable spirit.

Types of Arming Swords

Now, when we talk about arming swords, we’re not just talking about any old sword. We’re talking about a diverse bunch of blades, each with its own unique style and purpose. From broadswords to falchions, these weapons were the epitome of medieval warfare.

Type X- This sword’s classic, straight, double-edged blade made it ideal for slashing and thrusting manoeuvres. These swords were lightweight and perfect for knights and warriors of various ranks and backgrounds. 

Type XII– With its longer, broad blade and pronounced point, this sword allowed the knights to make powerful and devastating cuts. These swords were designed for maximum impact, making them ideal for the battlefield. 

Type XIII– This arming sword was a formidable choice for warriors who preferred a balance of finesse and ferocity. Its sturdy and wide blade that narrowed towards the tip gave it excellent thrusting capabilities and ample cutting power. This sword was known for its versatility in both armoured and unarmoured combat. 

Uses of the Arming Sword

Arming swords were not just war tools but also symbols of status and authority. Knights and nobles often wore their swords as marks of their social rank and power. In addition to their practical use in battle, arming swords were displayed during ceremonies, processions, and other formal occasions, signifying their owners’ honour and martial prowess.

In one-on-one combat, arming swords offered a range of advantages. Their balanced design and manoeuvrability allowed for quick strikes, making them effective in slashing and thrusting attacks. With a well-executed swing, they could deliver devastating cuts to unprotected areas of an opponent’s body.

In unarmored or lightly armoured combat, arming swords truly shined. They provided warriors with speed, precision, and agility, making them ideal for swift duels or skirmishes. Their relatively shorter length compared to other weapons, such as longswords or polearms, allows for greater ease of movement in tight spaces or crowded battlegrounds.


The medieval arming sword is a testament to its remarkable versatility on the battlefield. Throughout history, this weapon has repeatedly proven to be a reliable companion to knights and warriors of all ranks. Its ability to deliver devastating cuts and thrusts, coupled with its manoeuvrability, made it a force to be reckoned with in both armoured and unarmoured combat. Beyond its practical uses, the arming sword held a deep symbolic significance, representing status, honour, and the indomitable spirit of those who wielded it. With a rich history and a legacy that has endured through the ages, the mediaeval arming sword remains a cherished and iconic weapon of the past.

If you liked reading about “Arming Swords“, you should definitely check our article on “Medieval Greaves” !

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